Do Flies and Mosquitoes Die from Heat? | Dr. Killigan’s
How Weather and Temperature Affect Flies and Mosquitoes
Seasons come and seasons go, and year after year we deal with the pesky flying insects. We see them go, but they always seem to make a comeback. But where do they go when it gets cold? Do they fly south for the winter like birds, or do they hibernate like bears? All we do seem to know is that the moment we fire up the barbecue, the flies come out and we are slapping at the back of our necks. So, let’s take a look at how weather and temperature affect flies and mosquitoes.
Before we begin, let’s give you a brief review of both the fly and mosquito.
Other than spoiling your summertime barbecue or hanging around garbage cans, here are some fun facts about flies:
- Flies belong to the order of insects called Diptera.
- There are over 125,000 species of fly across the world.
- Most flies on average are about ½” long.
- Flies live on a liquid diet.
- A mosquito is a type of fly, so is a bee.
- A housefly can spread certain diseases such as E. coli and Salmonella.
Also, a nuisance in the warmer months, mosquitoes add to the equation by biting those they come in contact with. Here are some facts about mosquitoes.
- Only female mosquitoes bite.
- There are 3,500 species of mosquito
- Mosquitoes are generally smaller than ½” long.
- Mosquitoes are attracted to carbon dioxide found in human breath.
- Mosquito bites contain an anticoagulant that allows females to eat easier.
- A mosquito doesn’t actually bite; it injects an elongated mouthpart called a proboscis.
- West Nile Virus is a disease known to be transmitted from mosquitoes.
Both flying insects are active as long as the temperature holds up. And with the overall global temperature changing, the active months are becoming longer. However, weather and temperature do indeed affect how these Diptera function and live.
How Weather Affects Bugs
Wind, rain, flooding, drought, many weather conditions affect how we live as humans. But these weather conditions also affect the world around us, including insects. Just as we cannot live without water, neither can they.
Lack of water – Drought is a dreadful thing for those who rely on water for a living. Farmers and ranch owners depend on the weather for their crops and to water their cattle. A water hose from the house is just not going to do the job and most of the time that water is coming from a well source, not a city aquifer. All of this relies on water falling from the sky. Flies and mosquitoes are no different.
Flies do drink water, while we do not see it much. Being that their entire diet is a liquid one, most of their water is derived from the food that they eat. But that food in itself relies on water. Flies are attracted to decaying matter, and water is one thing that helps contribute to decay.
A mosquito’s entire life cycle depends on water. Without water, they would not be able to perpetuate their species. Females lay their eggs in standing pools of water. While it does not matter how this standing water is achieved, rainwater is much more widespread and the most conducive to the breeding of mosquito larvae. In addition, this standing water must last long enough for the mosquito to complete its life cycle, generally 10 – 14 days.
Overabundance of water – Flooding of an area can be just as harmful. As with the farmer mentioned above, their crops can get washed away. Depending on how severe the flooding, cattle can be affected as well. The aftermath can both help and hurt the insect population, however.
Flies thrive as the water recedes, because water promotes the decay they feed on. Vegetation and other items that are exposed to the elements rot after a flooding event, allowing flies to flourish and multiply. This is one reason in some areas, warnings are posted to boil water and other measures to prevent people from getting ill.
Mosquitoes rely on standing water. If they had a colony when the flooding event occurred, it is long gone. As long as water is in motion, the female will not be able to lay her eggs. She will have to find an area where water is still. However, when the water does quiet down, there will be nearly an endless supply until the sun dries the puddles up. A life cycle can take 10 to 14 days depending on weather conditions and temperature, which we are about to discuss.
How Temperature Affects Bugs
Just as too much and not enough rain can affect the insect population, temperature surrounding those weather conditions can determine how insects survive. If the weather gets too hot, then insects behave a certain way, when it gets too cold, their reaction will have a different outcome.
Excessive heat – When you or I get too hot, we become in danger of suffering heat stroke. We need to cool our bodies down and get indoors or suffer the consequences. When insects experience excessive heat, their exoskeletons behave in specific manners.
Flies tend to thrive in the heat. The hotter, the better, so it seems. But this is not all that happens. One area of their short life that is affected is their reproduction cycle. It is speculated that they will reproduce less when the temperature is excessively high.
Mosquitoes are enjoying themselves, too, especially if humidity is coupled with the heat. However, with excessive heat, standing water is evaporating at a rapid pace, so they need to do what they need to do that much quicker. They will become less active as the temp becomes excessively hot.
Extreme cold – Everyone and everything has a freezing point. Water freezes at 32 degrees Fahrenheit and we would not last too much longer when exposed to the elements. Bugs also have tolerances. However, some have the ability to hibernate and come back when temperatures return back to normal.
Flies do not take the cold well. When it gets super cold, adult flies will die off. However, the eggs they have laid, if protected, can still grow through their stages, pupate, and survive the winter. Otherwise, there would be no new batch of flies when the Spring comes.
Mosquitoes are versatile. They can handle the cold extremely well. Yes, some will die off, but many will hibernate as adults. Some mosquitoes will hibernate as larvae at the bottom of the pool of water where their egg was laid in. The egg will hatch in the fall, sink to the bottom of the pool, and wait out the winter. Then hatch in the spring or summer.
The process repeats year after year. The cycle is never-ending with a new generation of insects ready to invade your home. The new question becomes how to rid your home of flies and mosquitoes.
How to Rid Your Home of Flies and Mosquitoes
When you find yourself the victim of a home invasion of insects, you have first to discover what they are being attracted to. If you do not eliminate the source, then you will only continue to have an issue no matter how much you spray, clean, or install preventative measures.
Flies love fowl smells and decaying matter. This could be from a garbage can, a dirty sink, a pile of dirty laundry, or a plumbing leak under the sink. Outdoors it could be the trash receptacle, pet deposits, mulch piles, and recycling bins.
For mosquitoes, occasionally one will stray indoors, but for the most part, you will find them the moment you decide it’s a nice evening to sit on the porch. Standing water is your biggest enemy. And it goes beyond puddles and birdbaths. Children’s toys, tires, grills, pools, anywhere that water can get into a mosquito can get into. And the more protected the better for them.
The Dr. Killigan’s Solution for Flies and Mosquitoes
As you begin to eliminate your home of these sources, you can begin to rid your home of flies and mosquitoes one by one. Dr. Killigan’s has you covered against both flying pests.
For flies, The Fly Inn ™ is a best fly trap wrapped in a stylish design that sticks to your window via suction cups. It attracts flies to a glue strip and traps them for easy disposal.
When dealing with mosquitoes, Dr. Killigan’s offers Six Feet Under ™ . Six Feet Under ™ is an on-contact all-natural mosquito spray. It uses a blend of clove and cottonseed oil to help you dispose of mosquitoes from your home. It is toxin-free and 100% safe for use in your kitchen area and around pets as well as children.
The Final Word
You can trust Dr. Killigan’s to never use any harsh chemicals in any of our products. Our team of professionals is dedicated to perfecting the art of Killing Them Softly™.
We are continually raising the bar in toxin-free pest control remedies, aiming for a world without bugs, and doing it with style. All our products come with a design that is pleasing to the eye and carries a 100% satisfaction guarantee. If you are not satisfied for any reason, contact us, and we will not hesitate to make things right.